Dissertation Results Chapter: Writing Tips
While writing the result chapter of a dissertation, keep in mind that you have to include relevant findings in a descriptive format. All figures and a clear description of the results must also be stated. The function of the section is to summarize the collected data in a straight forward manner. It should do that while referring back to the aims and objectives. As a result, the results presented must, in some way, talk about the hypothesis or problem outlined in the introduction paragraph. However, it would be best if you also drew attention to the main results that help answer the research question or test the hypothesis.
How to Present the Results
When it comes to presenting data, most students often opt to use graphs, tables, and charts. While these visual present help break monotony and simply complex text, if you incorporate too many, then your dissertation will look disorganized. Besides, each presentation has its own pros and cons. The one to use in your dissertation depends on the expected goal. Either way, it should make your data visually appealing.
While writing every sentence, ensure it answers the “what was found” question. Sometimes the data obtained can be a lot to cover in text, especially for length dissertation projects for doctoral levels. By incorporating tables and graphs, you are able to decide on what crucial information is worth focusing on and presenting.
When considering whether to use graphs, tables, charts, or text, here are general rules to consider:
- The visual presentation should keep the data simple to prevent the reader from getting confused or overwhelmed.
- Start either a general description then move into specifics. For instance, you can give the examiner a brief description of the research participants, then move to findings and conclude with relevant statistical analysis.
- Do not mention the data collection methods because there is a dissertation chapter that does precisely that. Stick to presenting findings that answer the research question stated in the introduction chapter.
- Describe the results using the past tense.
- Select the best presentation method that helps convey the message accurately.
You are not restricted to using a specific presentation method. Therefore, you can choose those that complement each other. Just ensure that the ideal design of presenting data does not make the results more challenging to comprehend. The rule of thumb that excellent researchers follow is to use text to explain the results and add tables and graphs for data in numbers and figures.
Tables and graphs will quickly summarize large data and make it easier to compare the variables. On the other hand, trends are best explained using charts or graphs. However, in all cases, add a brief title for each presentation.
Use the Appropriate Style
Every institution and department have its own style preference for presenting the finding. Check from your style guide, and if the instructions are still not clear, talk to your advisor. You can also check previous dissertations written by former students from your department. This ensures the style you are using makes provide clarity.